A biochemical & biophysical study on in-vitro anti-glycating potential of iridin against d-Ribose modified BSA



Nabi R, Alvi SS, Shah MS, Ahmad S, Faisal M, Alatar AA, Khan MS.


Arch Biochem Biophys. 2020 Jun 15;686:108373. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2020.108373. Epub 2020 Apr 20.


Non-enzymatic protein glycation results in the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) leads to the pathogenesis of long-term diabetic complications. Iridin (ID), an antioxidant, plays an important role in protecting against oxidative stress and could therefore be an efficacious anti-glycating regimen. Herein, we assessed the anti-glycating potential of ID against d-ribose induced glycation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) by various biophysical and biochemical techniques. Our results from several physicochemical assays advocated that ID was able to evidently prevent the AGEs generation via reducing hyperchromicity, early glycation products (EGPs), carbonyl content (CC), hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) content, production of fluorescent AGEs, protection against loss of secondary structure (i.e. α-helix and β-sheets) of proteins, increasing the free lysine and free arginine content, reduced binding of congo red (CR), and reduced thioflavin T (ThT) and 8-aninilo-1-napthalene sulphonate (ANS)-specific fuorescence in glycated-BSA (Gly-BSA). On the basis of these findings, we concluded that ID possesses the significant anti-glycation potential and may be established as a remarkable anti-AGEs therapeutic agent. Further in-vivo and clinical studies are still warranted to uncover the therapeutic effects of ID against age-related as well as metabolic diseases. CI – Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Link/DOI: 10.1016/j.abb.2020.108373