A meta-review of effective doses in dental and maxillofacial cone beam CT using the ROBIS tool



Al-Okshi A, Horner K, Rohlin M.


Br J Radiol. 2021 Jul 1;94(1123):20210042. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20210042. Epub 2021 May 27.


OBJECTIVES: To apply the ROBIS tool for assessment of risk of bias (RoB) in systematic reviews (SRs) in a meta-review on effective doses (EDs) in dental and maxillofacial cone beam CT. METHODS: Three electronic databases and reference lists of included SRs were searched. Eligible SRs were classified as having low, high or unclear RoB. Findings of SRs were synthesised and data from primary studies combined to relate ED to field of view (FOV) and operating potential (kV). RESULTS: Seven SRs were included: three displayed low RoB, three high and one had unclear RoB. Only one SR related ED to image quality. Deficiencies in reporting of eligibility criteria, study selection and synthesis of results in SRs were identified. FOV height had a significant relationship with ED, explaining 27.2% of its variability. Median ED for three FOV categories differed significantly. Operating potential had a weak relationship with ED, with no significant difference in median ED between three operating potential groups. CONCLUSION: The ROBIS tool should have a role for meta-reviews of different aspects of radiology. The disappointing results for RoB might be remedied by developing standards to improve the quality of reporting of primary dosimetry studies and of SRs. Future dosimetry studies should always relate ED to image quality or diagnostic accuracy. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This meta-review is the first to implement ROBIS for SRs of ED and identified that trustworthiness of some SRs is questionable. The percentage change in average ED per cm increase in FOV height could be calculated, emphasizing the importance of FOV as a determinant of ED in CBCT.

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Link/DOI: 10.1259/bjr.20210042