A prospective study of bacterial meningitis in children from north-eastern Libya.

Original article


Shembesh NM, el Bargathy SM, Rao BN, Kashbur IM.

Department of Pediatrics, Al-Arab Medical University, Benghazi, Libya.

Ann Trop Paediatr. 1998 Sep;18(3):203-7.


During a 14-month period, 77 children (excluding neonates) with bacterial meningitis were studied. The causative organisms were identified in 60 children: Haemophilus influenzae in 26 (34%), Streptococcus pneumoniae in 20 (26%), Gram-negative enteric bacilli in nine (12%) and beta-haemolytic streptococci group A in one. No organism was identified in 17 (22%) cases. The male to female ratio was 1.2:1. The age group most affected was between 2 and 12 months. The case mortality rate was 13% and nine children (12%) were left with permanent neurological sequelae.

Keywords: bacterial meningitis ,children,Streptococcus pneumoniae,Streptococcus pyogenes,Haemophilus influenzae,Enterobacteriaceae