A validated LC-MS/MS method for the determination of tolterodine and its metabolite in rat plasma and application to pharmacokinetic study



Shaik RP, Puttagunta SB, Kothapalli CB, Awen BZS, Challa BR.


J Pharm Anal. 2013 Dec;3(6):489-499. doi: 10.1016/j.jpha.2013.04.005. Epub 2013 May 24.


Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was used for simultaneous quantification of tolterodine and its metabolite 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine in rat plasma. Tolterodine-d6 and 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine-d14 were used as internal standards (IS). Chromatographic separation was performed on Ascentis Express RP amide (50 mm×4.6 mm, 2.7 μm) column with an isocratic mobile phase composed of 10 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile in the ratio of 20:80 (v/v), at a flow-rate of 0.5 mL/min. Tolterodine, tolterodine-d6, 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine and 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine-d14 were detected with proton adducts at m/z 326.1→147.1, 332.3→153.1, 342.2→223.1 and 356.2→223.1 in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) positive mode respectively. The drug, metabolite and internal standards were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction method. The method was validated over a linear concentration range of 20.00-5000.00 pg/mL for tolterodine and 20.00-5000.00 pg/mL for 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine. This method demonstrated intra- and inter-day precision of 0.62-6.36% and 1.73-4.84% for tolterodine, 1.38-4.22% and 1.62-4.25% for 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine respectively. This method also demonstrated intra- and inter-day accuracy of 98.75-103.56% and 99.20-104.40% for tolterodine, 98.08-104.67% and 98.73-103.06% for 5-hydroxy methyl tolterodine respectively. Both analytes were found to be stable throughout freeze-thaw cycles, bench top and postoperative stability studies. This method was successfully applied for the pharmacokinetic analysis of rat plasma samples following i.v. administration.

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Link/DOI: 10.1016/j.jpha.2013.04.005