Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Neonates and Infants in Benghazi

Original article


Wafaa Mahmoud 1, Durdana N. Hasan 2, M. J. Akhtar 1, E. M. Abdulla 1

1-Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Garyounis, Benghazi, S.P.L.A.J. 2-Chief Microbiologist, El-Fatah Children’s Hospital, Benghazi , S.P.L.A .J.

Garyounis Medical Journal Vol. 3, No.2. July 1980:55-59


A study of pyogenic bacterial meningitis in 41 infants and 19 neonates during a period of 1 year and 7 months ending April, 1980 was conducted in the El-Fatah Children’s Hospital, Benghazi. A total of 60 bacterial isolates were identified and their antibiograms determined. While H. infiuenzae was the commonest organism, followed by pneumococci and the meningococcus, encountered in cases of acute meningitis among infants between 1—12 months of age, Kiebsiella spp. was by far the principle etiological agent in neonatal patients. The majority of these isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol (73.33%) and gentamicin (61.58%); approximately 81.67% of the organisms cultured were resistant to sulphonamide, as were approximately 50% of the meningococci obtained from infected cases. Assessment of the age and seasonal incidence of meningeal infection indicates that 31.35% of cases were among neonates and the highest incidence peak occurred during the months of August and September in the study period.

Keywords: Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Neonates and Infants in Benghazi