Tornieporth N, Lorenz R, Gain T, Rosch T, Classen M.
Department Internal Medicine II, Technical University, Munich, Germany.
Endoscopy. 1991 Sep;23(5):294-6.
A case is reported of a 56-year-old woman of Libyan origin presenting with dysphagia, retrosternal pain and weight loss. Oesophago-gastroduodenoscopy revealed an ulcerated tumor in the upper oesophagus strongly suggesting a malignancy. A positive Mendel-Mantoux test along with histological evidence of epitheloid cell granulomas and clinical findings consistent with pulmonary and lymph node tuberculosis led to the presumptive diagnosis of oesophageal tuberculosis. The diagnosis was later confirmed by positive bacteriological cultures of oesophageal biopsies and gastric washings. It is very unusual for dysphagia to be the presenting symptom of active adult tuberculosis. Oesophageal tuberculosis is extremely rare and must be distinguished predominantly from oesophageal carcinoma.
Keywords: An unusual case of active tuberculosis of the oesophagus in an adult.