Anthrax: A review



Khalifa Sifaw Ghenghesh, Taher Rezgalla, Rajab El-Tobgi

Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Elfateh University, Tripoli, Libya

JMJ Vol. 2. No.1 [March] 2002: 17-23


Anthrax is a zoonotic disease that affects mainly large domesticated animals and caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Man acquires the disease accidentally through contact with infected animals or their products, often by the cutaneous route and only rarely by the respiratory or gastrointestinal routes. B. anthracis is on the top of the list of agents used in biological weapons programs in many countries. Recent events that occurred in mid-September last year in United States involving the intentional distribution of B. anthracis spores through postal system has resulted in a worldwide interest in anthrax.
This article was intended to give a fair idea on the causative agent and its epidemiology, determinants of pathogenicity, clinical manifestations, clinical and laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention and control of the disease.

Keywords: Anthrax, Bacillus anthracis