Applying rhizobacteria consortium for the enhancement of Scirpus grossus growth and phytoaccumulation of Fe and Al in pilot constructed wetlands



Ismail N’, Abdullah SRS, Idris M, Kurniawan SB, Effendi Halmi MI, Al Sbani NH, Jehawi OH, Hasan HA.


J Environ Manage. 2020 Aug 1;267:110643. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110643. Epub 2020 May 6.


Due to the increasing importance of diesel and petroleum for industrial development during the last century, petrochemical effluents have significantly contributed to the pollution of aquatic and soil environments. The contamination generated by petroleum hydrocarbons can endanger not only humans but also the environment. Phytoremediation or plant-assisted remediation can be considered one of the best technologies to manage petroleum product-contaminated water and soil. The main advantages of this method are that it is environmentally-friendly, potentially cost-effective and does not require specialised equipment. The scope of this review includes a description of hydrocarbon pollutants from petrochemical industries, their toxicity impacts and methods of treatment and degradation. The major emphasis is on phytodegradation (phytotransformation) and rhizodegradation since these mechanisms are the most favourable alternatives for soil and water reclamation of hydrocarbons using tropical plants. In addressing these issues, this review also covers challenges to retrieve the environment (soil and water) from petroleum contaminations through phytoremediation, and its opportunities to remove or reduce the negative environmental impacts of petroleum contaminations and restore damaged ecosystems with sustainable ways to keep healthy life for the future. CI – Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Link/DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110643