Assessment of the validity of orthopantomographs in the evaluation of mandibular steepness in Libya



Ganeiber T, Bugaighis I.


J Orthod Sci. 2018 Jun 6;7:14. doi: 10.4103/jos.JOS_148_17. 2018.


BACKGROUND: Post-transfusion hepatitis B virus (PTHB) infection is still a public health problem in the world. In many developed countries, nucleic acid testing (NAT) for detection of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)-DNA has been implemented to enhance blood donation safety. In Libya, however, the testing for HBV infection is limited to the detection of HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) only. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of anti-Hepatitis B core antibody (HBc) and HBV-DNA in HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc-positive blood donors in the main Central Blood Bank Units (CBBUs) in eastern Libya. METHODS: One thousand blood samples were obtained from healthy blood donors at the five main CBBUs in eastern Libya. The samples were screened for HBsAg and anti-HBc. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out to detect HBV-DNA in all anti-HBc-positive samples. RESULTS: A total of 94 (9.4%) donors were positive for anti-HBc. Of the 94 anti-HBc-positive samples, 9 samples (9.5%) tested positive for HBV-DNA by real-time PCR. CONCLUSION: The rate of anti-HBc among blood donors in this study (9.4%) was similar to that reported from other regions in the country. In the absence of advanced tests for the detection of HBV infection in blood donors, such as NAT, anti-HBc should be routinely tested for, at least for first-time donors. CI – © 2020 British Blood Transfusion Society.

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Link/DOI: 10.4103/jos.JOS_148_17