Cancer incidence in the Tobruk area, eastern Libya: first results from Tobruk Medical Centre



Ismail F, Elsayed AG, El-Garawani I, Abdelsameea E.


Epidemiol Health. 2021 Aug 3:e2021050. doi: 10.4178/epih.e2021050. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and it is an increasing problem in developing countries. Estimation of the incidence of cancer is important, especially in regions with limited epidemiological data on cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide an updated report on the incidence of cancers in the Tobruk region in eastern Libya. METHODS: Data on cancer patients from the records of the Department of Histopathology of Tobruk Medical Centre from January 2013 to June 2020 were included. RESULTS: In total, 402 cases were recorded. Male patients accounted for 31.1% (n=125) of cases, and female patients represented 68.9% (n=277). The overall mean age ± standard deviation at the time of the first diagnosis was 49±17.1 years. The most common malignancies were breast and uterine cancer in women (18%, n=74; 16%, n=64, respectively), colorectal cancer (11.6%, n=47; 26 in women and 21 in men), bladder cancer (8%, n=33; 8 in women and 25 in men), and thyroid cancer (8%, n=32; 23 in women and 9 in men). CONCLUSION: Breast and uterine cancers were the most common cancers in women, and bladder and colorectal cancer were the most common cancers in males, followed by colorectal cancer in both sexes. These data will help health authorities launch preventive plans for cancer in the region. Further studies to identify aetiological factors and cancer-related risk factors need to be conducted in the region.

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Link/DOI: 10.4178/epih.e2021050