Changes in Serum PSA During Normal Menstrual Cycle



Nagar R, Msalati AA.


Indian J Clin Biochem. 2013 Jan;28(1):84-9. doi: 10.1007/s12291-012-0263-2. Epub 2012 Sep 26.


Prostate specific antigen (PSA) has long been used as a biological marker for prostatic cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated that PSA synthesis can be induced by steroid hormones in several tissues of women. Menstrual cycle is regulated by the cyclic variation of estradiol and progesterone. This study was undertaken in order to study the correlation of serum PSA to both these corpus luteal hormones. 110 serum samples and 10 saliva samples were collected from healthy women aged 18-45 years of age having normal menstrual cycles. Active PSA DSL-9700 ultrasensitive kit with detection limit 0.001 ng/ml was used to analyze PSA. 38.2 % of all serum samples and 10 % of saliva samples had detectable concentrations of PSA. The serum PSA was highest during mid follicular phase (between 4th and 8th days of cycle). Variation in PSA levels seemed to follow the variations in progesterone with a lag period of 12-14 days, but did not appear to bear any relationship with the estradiol levels.

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Link/DOI: 10.1007/s12291-012-0263-2