Characterization of virulence factors of Aeromonas isolated from children with and without diarrhoea in Tripoli, Libya.

Original article


Ghenghesh KS, Bara F, Bukris B, el-Surmani A, Abeid SS.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Fateh University of Medical Sciences, Tripoli, Libya.

J Diarrhoeal Dis Res. 1999 Jun;17(2):75-80.


During September 1992-August 1993, stool samples from 157 children with diarrhoea and 157 matched healthy controls were examined for the presence of Aeromonas and other enteropathogens. Aeromonas strains were tested for haemolytic activity, haemagglutination patterns, and antibiotic susceptibility. In total, 62 Aeromonas were isolated, of which 27 (17.2%) were from children with diarrhoea and 35 (22.3%) from healthy controls. Only 23 (14.6%) of the diarrhoeal children and 28 (17.8%) of the healthy controls were positive for Aeromonas; of which, 4 (2.5%) of the diarrhoeal children and 6 (3.8%) of the healthy controls showed multiple species. Aeromonas hydrophila was isolated from 5 (3.2%) children with diarrhoea and from 9 (6.4%) controls, A. veronii bv sobria from 8 (5.1%) and 7 (4.5%), A. caviae from 13 (8.3%) and 17 (10.8%), and A. schubertii from 1 (0.6%) and 2 (1.3%) respectively. No significant difference in the haemolytic activity of Aeromonas was found between diarrhoeal and healthy children. However, a significant difference (p < 0.002) was observed in mannose-resistant haemagglutination (MRHA) by diarrhoeal isolates of Aeromonas (7/27, 26%) compared to the healthy controls (1/35, 3%). Aeromonas strains were uniformly sensitive to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and nalidixic acid. The results of this study suggest that A. caviae strains may be associated with diarrhoea in children and MRHA may be used as one of the virulence markers for distinguishing between Aeromonas isolated from diarrhoeal children and healthy controls or environmental isolates. Keywords: Aeromonas,Diarrhea,Virulence,Microbial Sensitivity Link/DOI: