Convolutional neural networks for the classification of chest X-rays in the IoT era



Almezhghwi K, Serte S, Al-Turjman F.


Multimed Tools Appl. 2021 Jun 17:1-15. doi: 10.1007/s11042-021-10907-y. Online ahead of print.


Chest X-ray medical imaging technology allows the diagnosis of many lung diseases. It is known that this technology is frequently used in hospitals, and it is the most accurate way of detecting most thorax diseases. Radiologists examine these images to identify lung diseases; however, this process can require some time. In contrast, an automated artificial intelligence system could help radiologists detect lung diseases more accurately and faster. Therefore, we propose two artificial intelligence approaches for processing and identifying chest X-ray images to detect chest diseases from such images. We introduce two novel deep learning methods for fast and automated classification of chest X-ray images. First, we propose the use of support vector machines based on the AlexNet model. Second, we develop support vector machines based on the VGGNet16 method. Combined deep networks with a robust classifier have shown that the proposed methods outperform AlexNet and VGG16 deep learning approaches for the chest X-ray image classification tasks. The proposed AlexNet and VGGNet based SVM provide average area under the curve values of 98% and 97%, respectively, for twelve chest X-ray diseases. CI – © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021.

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Link/DOI: 10.1007/s11042-021-10907-y