Shebani BL, Wass H, Guertin WH.
Int J Aging Hum Dev. 1986-1987;24(1):19-28.
Two hundred fifteen Libyans-106 young male and female undergraduate students and 109 aged male and female relatives–responded to a questionnaire designed to measure correlates of life satisfaction in old age. It was predicted that current cultural and social changes associated with the industrialization of Libya would result in significant differences in responses between young and old men and women. The young Libyan men rated close ties with their children, social relationships with individuals outside the family, and having basic physical needs met as more important than did the old Libyan men who considered social prestige, living with their spouse, and independence as more important for satisfaction in old age. The young Libyan women also considered social relationships outside the family and having basic physical needs met in old age as more important than did their older counterparts. Health and adequate living conditions were rated more highly by the young Libyan women than by the old. All participants rated social prestige equally high, but old women rated it higher than any other aspect except belief in God and self-understanding. Findings and implications for services to Libya’s elderly are discussed.
Keywords: Correlates of life satisfaction for old Libyans compared with the judgments of Libyan youth.