Markussis V, Beshyah SA, Fisher C, Sharp P, Nicolaides AN, Johnston DG.
Unit of Metabolic Medicine, St Mary’s Hospital Medical School, London, UK.
Lancet. 1992 Nov 14;340(8829):1188-92.
Retrospective analysis suggests that there is increased mortality from vascular disease in hypopituitary adults, but vascular status before death is unknown. High resolution B-mode ultrasonic imaging of both carotid and femoral arteries was therefore done in 34 adult hypopituitary patients on routine replacement therapy and was compared with that in 39 matched controls. Changes were related to risk factors for vascular disease. Carotid intima-media thickness was greater in patients than in controls (mean [SD] 0.74 [0.16] vs 0.65 [0.13] mm, p < 0.02). This difference was seen in middle-aged and elderly patients. More patients than controls had one or more atheromatous plaques (65% vs 41%, p < 0.05). The percentage of individual arteries with a plaque was also higher in patients (32% vs 18%, p < 0.005). In multiple regression analysis, patients' age was the dominant factor determining carotid intima-media thickness. Symptom-free adults with hypopituitarism show an increased prevalence of atherosclerosis. Keywords: Detection of premature atherosclerosis by high-resolution ultrasonography in symptom-free hypopituitary adults Link/DOI: