Rageb B.M. Roaeid, Abdul-Hameed A. Kablan
Department of Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Garyounis University, Benghazi
Garyounis Medical Journal Vol. 21, No.1. 2004:11-l4
Background & objectives: Data on precipitating factors, morbidity and mortality due to Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) from Libya is scarce. Setting & methods: In this paper we report precipitating factors, presentation, management and mortality of 211 consecutive DKA patients admitted to 7th October teaching hospital during Jan.1997- Dec.1999. Results:- There were 125 (59.2%) females and 86 (40.8%) males and in 63 (29.9%) patients DKA was the initial manifestation of diabetes. Poor compliance was the main precipitating factor in 94 (63.5%) of known patients The majority of patients (74.4%) were conscious. Known patients had higher blood glucose (30.7 ± 6.4 mmol/L vs 28.3 ± 7.4 mmol/L) and shorter hospital stay (6 days vs. 10 days) than newly diagnosed . There were 8 deaths (3.8%). Conclusion: This data highlights the importance of diabetic health education as a preventive measure of DKA.
Keywords: Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Benghazi: Characteristics and Outcome in 211 Patients