Diagnostic Application of Immunology



Abdulhamid Al-Tubuly

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Elfateh University

JMJ Vol. 2, No. 3 (March 2003): 12


In vitro interactions between antigen (Ag) and antibody (Ab) (known as serological assays or immunoassays) are widely used in diagnostic as well as in research laboratory. Immunoassays can detect serum antibody to specific infectious agent and can identify microorganism in various clinical specimens. Ag-Ab interaction can result in a variety of consequences, including precipitation of soluble antigens, agglutination of particular antigens, neutralization of toxins and viruses, and activation of complement. This review describes several serological reactions, which are widely used in diagnosis

Keywords: Antigens, immunoassays, complement

Link/DOI: http://www.jmj.org.ly/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=1254