Differences in platelet-rich plasma composition influence bone healing



Al-Hamed FS, Abu-Nada L, Rodan R, Sarrigiannidis S, Ramirez-Garcialuna JL, Moussa H, Elkashty O, Gao Q, Basiri T, Baca L, Torres J, Rancan L, Tran SD, Lordkipanidzé M, Kaartinen M, Badran Z, Tamimi F.


J Clin Periodontol. 2021 Sep 13. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.13546. Online ahead of print.


AIM: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood-derived material that has been used to enhance bone regeneration. Clinical studies, however, reported inconsistent outcomes. This study aimed to assess the effect of changes in leucocyte and PRP (L-PRP) composition on bone defect healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: L-PRPs were prepared using different centrifugation methods and their regenerative potential was assessed in an in-vivo rat model. Bilateral critical-size tibial bone defects were created and filled with single-spin L-PRP, double-spin L-PRP, or filtered L-PRP. Empty defects and defects treated with collagen scaffolds served as controls. Rats were euthanized after 2 weeks, and their tibias were collected and analysed using micro-CT and histology. RESULTS: Double-spin L-PRP contained higher concentrations of platelets than single-spin L-PRP and filtered L-PRP. Filtration of single-spin L-PRP resulted in lower concentrations of minerals and metabolites. In vivo, double-spin L-PRP improved bone healing by significantly reducing the size of bone defects (1.08 ± 0.2 mm(3) ) compared to single-spin L-PRP (1.42 ± 0.27 mm(3) ) or filtered L-PRP (1.38 ± 0.28 mm(3) ). There were fewer mast cells, lymphocytes, and macrophages in defects treated with double-spin L-PRP than in those treated with single-spin or filtered L-PRP. CONCLUSION: The preparation method of L-PRP affects their composition and potential to regenerate bone. CI – © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Clinical Periodontology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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Link/DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.13546