Explicit Simulation of Circular CFST Stub Columns with External Steel Confinement under Axial Compression



Alatshan F, Osman SA, Mashiri F, Hamid R.


Materials (Basel). 2019 Dec 19;13(1):23. doi: 10.3390/ma13010023.


Concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) structural members have been widely used in engineering projects for their superior strength and ductility. However, the different lateral dilation characteristics between concrete infill and steel tube have caused imperfect composite interaction during the early loading stage. To overcome this issue, external steel confinements in the form of rings and spiral were previously suggested to minimise the lateral expansion of the steel tube and enhance the concrete confinement effects. This study presented the analytical behaviour of circular CFST short columns with an external ring or spiral confinements which are subjected to axial loading. An explicit finite element (FE) model was developed and verified based on previous experimental findings. Besides that, this study analysed the failure modes, axial load-strain relationship, stress distributions, and bond strength of the composite column components. Parametric analysis was also undertaken to evaluate the impact of material strengths, total steel ratio, and diameter-to-thickness ratio. The results suggest that the use of external steel confinement can enhance the compressive behaviour of CFSTs better than increasing the thickness of the steel tube when using the same steel ratio. Finally, simplified design formulations were developed to accurately calculate the ultimate capacity of CFST columns with and without external steel confinement.

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Link/DOI: 10.3390/ma13010023