Fracture resistance of short, randomly oriented, glass fiber-reinforced composite premolar crowns.

Original article


Garoushi S, Vallittu PK, Lassila LV.

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Biomaterials Science, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemminkنisenkatu 2, FI-20520 Turku, Finland

Acta Biomater. 2007 Sep;3(5):779-84.


The aim of this work was to determine the static load-bearing capacity of posterior composite crowns made of experimental composite resin (FC) with short fiber fillers and a semi-interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) matrix. In addition, we wanted to investigate how load-bearing capacity of surface composite resins was affected by substructures of fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) and FC, and by different curing systems. Five groups of crowns were fabricated (n = 6). The crowns were either polymerized with a hand-light curing unit (LCU) or cured in a vacuum curing device (VLC) before they were statically loaded at a speed of 1 mm min−1 until fracture. Failure modes were visually examined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. ANOVA revealed that crowns made from the FC had a statistically significant higher load-bearing capacity than the control PFC composite. Crowns with FRC substructure and PFC covering gave force values of 348 N (LCU) and 1199 N (VLC), respectively, which were lower than the values of FC composite. No statistically significant difference was found between crowns made from plain FC composite and those made from FC composite with a surface layer of PFC (P = 0.892 and 1.00). Restorations made from short glass fiber-containing composite resin with IPN–polymer matrix showed better load bearing capacity than those made with either plain PFC or PFC reinforced with FRC substructure.

Keywords: Fiber-reinforced composite; FRC; Load-bearing capacity; Fiber composite; Crown restorations