GC-MS, MS/MS and GC-IR Analysis of a Series of Methylenedioxyphenyl-Aminoketones: Precursors, Ring Regioisomers and Side-Chain Homologs of 3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone

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Abiedalla YF, Abdel-Hay K, DeRuiter J, Clark CR.

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J Chromatogr Sci. 2017 Feb;55(2):99-108. doi: 10.1093/chromsci/bmw159. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Abstract

A combination of GC-MS, MS/MS and GC-IR techniques were used to characterize the ring substitution pattern, the alkyl side-chain and the cyclic tertiary amine portions of a series of six homologous and regioisomeric methylenedioxyphenyl-aminoketones related to the designer drug, 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV). Chromatographic retention increases with the hydrocarbon content of the alkyl side-chain and the 3,4-methylenedioxy substitution pattern shows higher retention than the corresponding 2,3-methylenedioxy isomer. The aminoketones show major peaks in their mass spectra corresponding to the homologous series of iminium cation fragments from the loss of the regioisomeric methylenedioxybenzoyl radical species. Deuterium labeling experiments confirm the iminium cation base peaks to undergo the loss of a hydrocarbon molecular fragment to yield product ions characteristic of the side-chain and pyrrolidine ring portion of the parent cathinone derivative. The mass spectra for the designer drug MDPV and its regioisomeric 2,3-methylenedioxy isomer show equivalent fragments including the base peak at m/z 126 and major product ion fragments at m/z 84. The ring substitution pattern for these two isomers was differentiated by characteristic absorption bands in the 1,500 -1,200 cm(-1) range in their vapor phase IR. These characteristic bands can also be used to identify the aromatic ring substitution pattern in the regioisomeric precursor ketones. CI Р© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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Link/DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmw159