High proteinuria selectivity index based upon IgM is a strong predictor of poor renal survival in glomerular diseases.

Original article


Bakoush O, Torffvit O, Rippe B, Tencer J.

Department of Nephrology, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2001 Jul;16(7):1357-63.


BACKGROUND: The transport of large proteins across the glomerular capillary wall (GCW) may increase several fold in glomerular diseases. The occurrence of IgM in urine is a consequence of the presence of large defects or shunts in the GCW, whereas albuminuria is probably a result of an altered charge- and size-selectivity of the GCW. In order to examine whether patho-morphological differences influence the renal outcome in proteinuric glomerulopathies, we examined urinary excretion of IgM and albumin as prognostic markers of glomerular disease. METHODS: An observational study over a median of 41 (+/-3) months was conducted in 84 patients with biopsy-verified glomerular disease. The patients were subdivided into groups with low (< or =0.002) and high (>0.002) proteinuria selectivity index based upon IgM (IgM-SI), and into groups with low (< or =200 mg/mmol) and high (>200 mg/mmol) albumin creatinine index (ACI). RESULTS: In the high IgM-SI group, the median creatinine clearance (Ccr) decreased by 26%, and 62% of the patients decreased in Ccr by >5 ml/ min/year during the follow-up time. In comparison, the median Ccr decreased by 8% in the low IgM-SI group (P<0.001) and only 18% of the patients in this group deteriorated by >5 ml/min/year in the Ccr. Eleven (21%) of the 51 patients in the high IgM-SI group developed end-stage renal failure compared with none of the 33 patients in the low IgM-SI group. All the patients that progressed to uraemia had decreased Ccr (<60 ml/min) at entry into the study. However, among all these patients, only those with high IgM-SI, and none with low IgM-SI, developed end stage renal failure. The fall in Ccr did not differ significantly between the patients in high (12%) and low (16%) ACI groups. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that an increased IgM-SI value is a stronger predictor of clinical outcome in proteinuric glomerulopathies than baseline albuminuria. This finding may reflect different patho-histological mechanisms influencing renal survival in glomerular diseases. Keywords: albuminuria; glomerulonephritis; IgM; macromolecular transport; proteinuria selectivity index Link/DOI: http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/16/7/1357