Ahmed ME, Rathnakumar K, Awasti N, Elfaruk MS, Hammam ARA.
Food Sci Nutr. 2021 Jan 19;9(3):1512-1520. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.2121. 2021 Mar.
There are different methods that have been recently applied to develop a process to manufacture low-fat Feta cheese (LFC) with acceptable flavor and texture. The objective of this study was to produce LFC from skim buffalo’s milk (SBM) using Streptococcus thermophilus (ST) and Lactobacillus bulgaricus (LB) as control LFC (T1) incorporated with other probiotic adjunct cultures (PAC), such as Lactobacillus casei (LBC) in T2, Bifidobacterium bifidum (BB) in T3, and Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (LL) in T4. The SBM was pasteurized and inoculated with 3% of starter cultures; then, 0.4% of rennet and 3% of salt were added. After coagulation, the cheese was cut, packed, and stored at 4°C. The chemical, microbiological, and sensory characteristics of LFC were monitored during 14 days of storage. The moisture, acidity, total protein (TP), salt, and fat of LFC were approximately 75.0%, 1.0%, 17.0%, 3.0%, and 1.2%, respectively, after 14 days of storage at 4°C. The viability of PAC was high (5-7 log cfu/g) at the end of storage, which makes LFC a functional product with a valuable source of probiotic. Moreover, the adjunct cultures improved (p < .05) the sensory characteristics of LFC, including the texture and flavor. CI - © 2021 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Keywords: . Link/DOI: 10.1002/fsn3.2121