Mohamed Mansouri, Shatwan Ekjam, A Hamid, Muna Yousif, Tarek Hamad
Department of Surgery,Faculty of Medicine, Garyounis University, Benghazi, Libya
JMJ Vol.5 No. 1 (Spring) 2006: 32-37
We reviwed the case notes of all diabetic patients underwent various types of operations for their non-traumatic lower limb problems in Jala Hospital from January 2001 through Feb. 2003. Our aim was to determine the incidence rate and to quantify the risk factors for lower extremity amputations (LEAs) in Libyan patients with type II diabetes mellitus in Benghazi. The annual incidence rate of LEA was 342.2 per 100,000 patient. We found poor glycemic control, leg ulceration, neuropathy, anemia, retinopathy poor knowledge and lack of diabetes education were risk factors for amputation at any level. Risk factors for peripheral arterial disease were themselves risk factors for major LEAs.
Keywords: Amputation, Diabetes Mellitus type II, LEA (Lower extremity amputation)