Major Congenital Malformations At Benghazi (Libya), 1992.

Original article


R. Singh 1,O. Al- Sudani 1, M. A. Alboussaifi 2

1-Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Al-Arab Medical University, P.O. Box 18251, Benghazi, Libya. 2- Dean of Faculty of Medicine, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya.

Sebha Med J. 1998;Vol.1(2):113-120


Present study was conducted to determine magnitude and pattern of major congenital malformations (MCMs), associated neonatal and maternal risk factors and hospital outcome. It was a retrospective cohort study of 172 births with major congenital malformations among 17680 births at Al-Jamahiriya Hospital, Benghazi during 1992. The incidence rate per 1000 all births and lives births with MCMs was 9.8 and 8.6 respectively. The incidence was higher among males, lowbirth weight babies, born to mothers aged 35 years or more, and delivered through normal vaginal route. The systems affected in the descending order of frequency were central nervous, musculoskeletal genitourinary, face & neck, gastrointestinal, chromosomal and circulatory. Births with MCMs made up 11.4% of all hospital perinatal deaths and resulted in a case fatality of 34.8%. The findings of the study indicated the urgency of a nation-wide multicentre prospective investigation in addition to the need for establishment of National Registration Scheme for Congenital Malformations in order to ascertain the pattern and trend, aetiological factors requirements for health care and rehabilitation services, and effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic programmes.

Keywords: Major Congenital Malformations At Benghazi (Libya), 1992.