Nasopharyngeal cancer TMC experience

Original article


Ammurah M. El-Arnaoti, Lotfia Ghandouri and Abdurraouf M. Aghila

Department of Radiation Oncology, Tripoli Medical Centre, Tripoli, Libya

JMJ Vol.4 No. 3 (Winter) 2005: 180-185


Between Jan. 1999 and Dec. 2003, 2847 patients were referred to the radiotherapy department in Tripoli Medical Centre, out of them 2735 were cancer patients. Head and neck cancers accounted for (10%) (271 patients) of all referred cancer patients and the male to female ratio of all head and neck cancer sites was 3.2 : 1. (207/271 were males and 64/271 were females).The incidence of naopharyngeal carcinoma, age, sex, stage distribution, presenting symptoms and their frequencies, treatment strategies, tumour response to treatment and complications of treatment in cancer of nasopharynx have been studied. The overall incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer was (3.2%) (87/2735) of all referred cancer patients to the radiotherapy department of Tripoli Medical Centre, and it accounts for (32.1%) of all registered head and neck tumours. The data of referred patients with cancer nasopharynx revealed two peaks of age distribution, the male to female incidence was 1.9 : 1, the most common histopathology was undifferentiated carcinoma in (47%) of cases, most of the patients waited for 4 – 6 months before seeking medical consultation, the most common presenting symptom was neck swelling in (62%) of cases and most of the patients diagnosed at late stages (stages III & IV) in (69%) of cases.

Keywords: Nasopharyngeal cancer, Clinical data, Radiation therapy approach