Osteoporosis: Epidemiology, Risk factors, Assessment and Strategies to restore bone loss



Aisha Lazreg

Endocrine Medical Department, Elfateh university, Tripoli Medical Centre, Tripoli, Libya

JMJ Vol.4 No. 3 (Winter) 2005: 170-173


Osteoporosis is a major health problem ,increasing in prevalence with age, having serious consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality, and economic costs. Genetic factors contribute highly to risk, modified by life style and hormonal factors. DEXA scanning is a reliable and safe tool to assess bone mineral density and fracture risk. Effective treatments (e.g. selective estrogen receptor modifiers, bisphosphonates, and hormone replacement therapy ) reduce fracture risk by 30 %- 60%. Osteoporotic fractures may be largely prevented by educating patients on diet, exercise and lifestyle changes that enhance bone density.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, DEXA scanning, Bone mineral density, Estrogen receptor modifiers, Bisphosphonate, Hormone replacement therapy

Link/DOI: http://www.jmj.org.ly/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=39