Overview of the Clinical Benefits Using the Different Diode Laser Wavelengths in Treatment of the Mucocele: Clinical Cases Report Review



Agoob Alfergany M, Alaijah F.


Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2020 Aug;38(8):497-506. doi: 10.1089/photob.2019.4717.


Objective: Diode laser has a wide range of wavelengths that may render the absorption effect and interaction with the tissue is different. Based on available evidences, the aim of this review is to critically evaluate the use of different diode laser wavelengths in the treatment of mucocele. Materials and methods: The literature of clinical case studies for the past 8 years has been considered. Literature search and selection, data extraction and methodological quality assessment, data analysis and interpretation, and drafting and revision have been performed. Both authors have read and approved the final article. Results: This review has aimed at detecting the experience on the background and at giving a critical summary of the clinical cases literature. Previous results of controlled clinical case reviews in this field as well as in basic research pointed to a potential of the diode laser in the surgical removal of mucocele. Initial clinical results showed that diode laser surgical therapy positively influences the post-surgical wound healing. All diode laser wavelengths do not show much difference in the acceleration in epithelial regeneration, and the healing of the wound takes some time by all wavelengths. They can reduce the need for anesthesia or wound care and therefore reduce the fear of the patient. Conclusions: The procedure in the most reviewed clinical cases took place within a few minutes and thus required no more time than a conventional surgical intervention with conventional surgical instruments. Since all surgical steps are carried out with the same instrument, there is no need for sutures and only one handpiece is sterilized. Due to the contactless preparation and the lack of vibrations as well as the elimination of the anesthesia, the entire process is much more pleasant for the patient and thus indirectly for the practitioner, because a relaxed patient can simply be better treated.

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Link/DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.4717