Parkinsonism and tremor disorders: A clinical approach



Hani TS Benamer

New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton and Queen Elizabeth Neuroscience Centre, University Hospital Birmingham, UK

Libyan J Med, AOP: 061222 (published 05 January 2007)


Differentiation of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease from other causes of Parkinsonism, such as Multiple System Atrophy, Progressive Supranuclar Palsy and Vascular Parkinsonism can be difficult. Clinicopathological studies suggest that the clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease is 76% reliable. Also, clinical differentiation of tremor prominent Parkinsonism from Essential Tremor or Drug induced Parkinsonism may be problematic, especially in the early stages of the disease. Since these disorders are obviously different in clinical progress, it is important for the clinician to address the patient’s and family’s concerns about prognosis from a firm diagnostic footing. In this article the clinical features of the common and important causes of Parkinsonism and tremor disorders are reviewed and a practical approach is suggested.

Keywords: Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, Multiple System Atrophy, Progressive Supranuclar Palsy, Vascular Parkinsonism, Essential Tremor, Drug induced Parkinsonism.