Pattern of Antibiotic Prescribing in Medical in-Patients of a Major Teaching Hospital in Benghazi, Libya

Original article


Abdul-Nasser Elzouki 1; Huda Almabri 2 Nuha Alagori 2, Salem Ibkhatra 1

1-Department of Medicine, Aljamhouriya Hospital, Faculty of Medicine 2-Students at Faculty of pharmacy, Garyounis University

Garyounis Medical Journal Vol. 22, No.2. 2005:37-41


Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the pattern of antibiotic usage in medical in-patients of a teaching hospital in Benghazi, Libya.
Material and Methods: Hospital-based cross sectional study was conducted on medical in-patients of Aljamhouriya Teaching Hospital. Benghazi, for a duration of three months (December 2004 to February 2005). A protocol was prepared to fill demographic data such as age and sex drugs data (i.e. drug name, dosage form, route and duration of antibiotic therapy). indication and basis of perscription (i.e. empirical or definitive), and other relevant information.
Results: Out of 520 patients who have been admitted to the Medical wards during the study period. 160 (31 %) received antibiotics as part of their in-patient treatment. The indication of such treatment was in all patients on empirical basis, as no single culture was performed for any patient prior to antibiotic usage. The most frequent prescribed antibiotic was Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid followed by Metronidazole and Gentamicin: and the mean duration of therapy was 6.4 days.

Keywords: Al-Jamhouriya. antibiotics, prescribing