A. Abudejaja 1, B. S. Gupta 1, Ratan Singh 1, Aman Ullah Khan 1, M. Legnain 2
1-Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Garyounis, Benghazi, S.P.L.A.J. 2-Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Garyounis, Benghazi, S.P.L.A.J.
Garyounis Medical Journal Vol. 4, No.2. July 1981:15-25
PeRInatal deaths (from 28 weeks through frst 7 days after birth) in Benghazi during 1977 were analysed by sex, place, maternal age, parity, gestational period, mode of delivery, birth weight and medical cause. There were 455 perinatal deaths and 16409 births during the year. The perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) was 27.23 per 1000 births and still births formed 5.27% of all perinatal deaths. PNMR was high among males; among births to young (under 20 years) or elderly mothers (35 years + ), nulliparous or grand multiparous (para 7 + ), among preterm (under 37 weeks) or low birth weight, infants (2500 grams or less) and among breech vacuum or caessarean births. Conditions of asphyxia was the leading cause (41.8%) of death followed by conditions of immaturity (37.0%) and congenital malformations (11.0%). Measures for the improvement of perinatal health and reduction of perinatal deaths were outlined.
Keywords: Perinatal Mortality at Benghazi in 1977