Mirza K, Elzouki AY.
Department of Pediatrics, Riyadh Medical Complex, Saudi Arabia.
Pediatr Nephrol. 1997 Jun;11(3):325-7.
The clinical aspects of peritonitis and catheter infections were reviewed in 64 children on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis living in Saudi Arabia over a period of 6 years. Peritonitis occurred in 41 children (64%). The mean time from starting dialysis to the first episode of peritonitis was 7.2 months. The incidence of peritonitis was 1 episode in 9 treatment months. Gram-negative organisms were responsible for the majority of episodes (42%), followed by Gram-positive organisms (20%), and Candida albicans (6%); 32% were culture negative. Recurrent peritonitis was present in 20 cases. Catheter was replaced in 24 patients: 44% due to recurrent peritonitis. Peritoneal membrane loss occurred in 7 patients, 3 had Candida peritonitis and 3 had recurrent peritonitis due to Pseudomonas. The mortality rate was 4.6% but none of the deaths were related to peritonitis or dialysis.
Keywords: Peritonitis Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis Saudi Arabia