Pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, surgical emphysema, barotrauma, mechanical ventilation.

Case report


Kamha A, Alzeer H, Elithy M.

Hamad Medical Corporation, Medical ICU, Qatar

Libyan J Med. AOP: 080309


A 29 year old male patient of Indian ancestry was admitted to an outside hospital with rapid deterioration of his level of consciousness. The patient required mechanical ventilation and transfer to MICU at Hamad Medical Corporation. The patient remained hypoxic. Chest X-ray, CT of chest, abdomen, pelvis and proximal areas of both lower limbs were performed. Pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, and extensive surgical emphysema were the diagnoses.

Keywords: Pneumothorax, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumoperitoneum and Surgical Emphysema in Mechanically Ventilated Patients