Sagher FA 1, Dodge JA 1, Johnston CF 2, Shaw C 2, Buchanan KD 2, Carr KE 3.
1: Departments of Child Health, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BJ, Northern Ireland 2: Departments of Medicine, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BJ, Northern Ireland 3: Departments of Anatomy, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BJ, Northern Ireland
Br J Nutr. 1991 Jan;65(1):21-8.
Sprague-Dawley rats (3 weeks old) were fed on isoenergetic diets in which 40% of the total energy was provided as fat either in the form of butter (high saturated fat), olive oil (high monounsaturated fat) or maize oil (high polyunsaturated fat), with one group on low-fat (10% of total energy) standard diet as a control. Animals were killed after 8.4 (se 0.8) weeks by cardiac puncture. Similar pieces of jejunum and ileum were prepared for morphometric studies. Extracts of tissue from the proximal and distal segments of the whole small intestine from four animals per group were assayed using established techniques for enteroglucagon, motilin, neurotensin, somatostatin, substance P and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). We found that maize oil and olive oil increased villus height: crypt depth ratio in both jejunum and ileum. Maize oil increased tissue concentrations of somatostatin (P less than 0.05) and substance P (P less than 0.005) in the proximal segment. Both maize oil and olive oil increased tissue concentrations of neurotensin and substance P (P less than 0.005) in the distal segments. These observations may explain the improvement of intestinal absorption of fluid following supplementation with polyunsaturated fat.
Keywords: Rat small intestinal morphology and tissue regulatory peptides: effects of high dietary fat.