Dimski DS, Hebert LA, Sedmak D, Ogrodowski JL, Elkhammas EA, Tesi RJ, Gold M, Courville CS.
Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.
Am J Kidney Dis. 1992 Aug;20(2):180-4.
The current literature suggests that renal autotransplantation is nearly uniformly effective in controlling the severe and debilitating pain of the loin pain-hematuria syndrome (LPHS). However, we report two patients thought to have this syndrome in whom renal autotransplantation did not result in long-term control of pain. In case 1, autotransplantation resulted in immediate cessation of pain; however, the flank pain recurred 7 1/2 months later. The recurrent pain was also severe and debilitating, requiring narcotic medications for control. In case 2, autotransplantation of the left kidney resulted in chronic pain in the left pelvic area, the site of the autotransplanted kidney. In addition, the patient continued to experience chronic discomfort in the left flank and along the flank incision. One year after autotransplantation, the patient still requires multiple daily doses of narcotic medications for pain control. Our two patients represent the 13th and 14th reported patients subjected to renal autotransplantation for management of LPHS. They represent only the third and fourth reported patients with recurrence of pain after renal autotransplantation. Because studies with negative results are less likely to be reported in the literature than studies with positive results, it is possible that the literature overestimates the effectiveness of renal autotransplantation in the LPHS. To assess the true effectiveness of renal autotransplantation in LPHS, a survey of patients with LPHS who have undergone renal autotransplantation needs to be performed.
Keywords: Renal autotransplantation in the loin pain-hematuria syndrome: a cautionary note.