Rotaviruses associated gastroenteritis



Khalifa sifaw Ghenghesh1, Mohamed Kreasta2, Mohamed El- Bakoush3, Rajab Tobgi4

1) Department of Medical Microbiology, 2) Department of Paediatrics, 3) Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Elfateh University, Tripoli; 4) Tuberculosis Centre, Benghazi, Libya

JMJ Vol. 2, No. 2 (September 2002): 12-17


Diarrhoeas is a world wide problem affecting mainly children. Among the established agents, rotaviruses are considered the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children in both developed and developing countries. In the latter it is estimated that 20% to 70% of hospitalizations and around 900,000 children below the age of 5 die annually as a result of rotaviruses infection. This review is intended to give a good insight on rotaviruses with regard to their morphology and classification, epidemiology, pathogenesis, treatment and prevention. This review also includes a section on rotavirus in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya .

Keywords: Diarrhoea. Rotaviruses, Gastroenteritis