Rumen ciliate protozoal fauna of native sheep, friesian cattle and dromedary camel in Libya.

Original article


Selim HM, Imai S, el Sheik AK, Attia H, Okamoto E, Miyagawa E, Maede Y.

Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

J Vet Med Sci. 1999 Mar;61(3):303-5.


Rumen ciliate species and composition were surveyed on the native sheep, Friesian-cattle and dromedary (one-humped) camels kept in Libya. As a result of survey, 5 genera including 14 species with 5 formae in native sheep, 9 genera including 27 species with 6 formae in Friesian-cattle and 6 genera including 13 species and 7 formae in dromedary camels were identified. All of the ciliate species and their percentage composition detected from the Libyan sheep and cattle in this examination were similar to those found from corresponding animals in the other countries. Libyan camels lacked some peculiar ciliate species found from camels in the other countries, but had many cosmopolitan species common with those in the domestic ruminants, suggesting that ciliate faunae of camel are easily affected by the other domestic ruminants kept together. The ciliate density was estimated as 105/ml in every host species.

Keywords: ciliate, Libya, rumen protozoa