Strengthening national teams of experts to support HPV vaccine introduction in Eastern Mediterranean countries: Lessons learnt and recommendations from an international workshop



Dochez C, Al Awaidy S, Mohsni E, Fahmy K, Bouskraoui M.


Vaccine. 2020 Jan 29;38(5):1114-1119. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.11.027. Epub 2019 Nov 23.


Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major pathological condition leading to mortality of women worldwide. Its initial treatment has largely been focused on uterotonics. This paper examines the use of histograms to assess the efficacy of uterotonic treatment for PPH. Previous examinations of large datasets in which women were treated at 700 ml of measured blood loss according to strict protocols have shown a quantifiable peak in the histogram at 700-800 ml following treatment. It is not clear whether this is commonly seen in other studies. The main aim was therefore to assess whether post-treatment peaks are routinely seen in postpartum blood loss histograms and whether the peaks are seen only in treated women. Four datasets of more than 1000 women with measured blood loss were identified and the original data examined. The secondary peak was not only seen in histograms attributed to treatment, but also many of the histograms where women had not received uterotonic treatment. Many women received treatment despite having blood loss of less than 500 ml, and many women who stopped bleeding with final blood losses of more than 500 ml did not receive any uterotonics. The routine use of histogram analysis to assess the efficiency of uterotonic therapy is not recommended. The paper also provides further insights into clinical practice, with clinicians frequently using uterotonic therapies even when the volume of the blood loss is low. This demonstrates how uterotonic use in practice is often not linked to the standard 500 ml definition of post-partum haemorrhage. CI – Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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Link/DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.11.027