F.K. Dar 1, Ms. Rahman 2, M.J. Akhtar 1, J. Rahman 2, M. El Moheshi 3
1-Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Garyounis, Benghazi, S.P.L.A .J. 2-Formerly, Dept. of Obstetrics of Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Garyounis, Benghazi. 3-Resident, Jamahiriya Hospital, Benghazi, S.P.L.A.J.
Garyounis Medical Journal Vol. 6, No.2. July 1983:185-189
A group of 41 women with a previous history of abortions was examined for toxoplasmosis by the IHA and IFA T tests. Cervical swabs and blood samples were cultured for listeriosis. Twelve multigravidae with no previous history of abortions acted as controls.
There were five (12.2) abortions/stillbirths in the test group, and none in the control group. All five, however, were negative for listeriosis and two of the five were also negative for toxoplasmosis by both the serological tests. While seropositivity for toxoplasmosis was significantly (x2 test at 5% level) higher in the test group with IFA T, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups using the if/A test. There was also no apparent correlation between abortions/stillbirths and the number of previous abortions in the test group. A causal relationship between abortions/stillbirths and seropositivity for toxoplasmosis and culture positivity for listeriosis is not established.
Keywords: The Relationship between Abortion and Infection with Toxoplasma gondii and Listeria monocytogenes