Use of short fiber-reinforced composite with semi-interpenetrating polymer network matrix in fixed partial dentures.

Original article


Garoushi S, Vallittu PK, Lassila LV.

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry & Biomaterials Science, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemmink┘ćisenkatu 2, FI-20520 Turku, Finland.

J Dent. 2007 May;35(5):403-8.


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the static load-bearing capacity of fixed partial dentures (FPDs) made of experimental composite resin (FC) with short fiber fillers and interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) polymer matrix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experimental composite FC resin was prepared by mixing short E-glass fibers (3mm in length) of 22.5wt% and IPN-resin 22.5wt% with silane treated silica fillers 55wt%. Four groups of FPDs (3-unit) were fabricated (n=6); Group A: made from commercial composite resin (Sinfony dentin, 3M-ESPE, control), Group B: Sinfony and fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) substructure, Group C: made from FC, Group D: made from FC with 1mm surface layer of Sinfony. The bridges were polymerized with a hand-light curing unit for 40s then post-cured in vacuum curing device (Visio Beta) for 15min before they were statically loaded with speed of 1mm/min until fracture. Failure modes were visually examined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA (p=0.05). RESULTS: ANOVA revealed that bridges made from experimental fiber composite had statistically significantly higher load-bearing capacity (2171N) (p<0.05) than the control restorations (1482N). SIGNIFICANCE: Restorations made from short glass fiber containing composite resin with IPN-polymer matrix showed better load bearing capacity than in those made with conventional composites resin and similar with those reinforced with FRC-substructure. Keywords: Fiber-reinforced composite; FRC; Load-bearing capacity; Fiber composite; Three-unit bridge Link/DOI: